⒈ Writing an essay on my future career
Salem Witch Trials Critical Essays (Literary Criticism (1400-1800)) An infamous episode in American history, the Salem witch trials of 1692 resulted in the execution by hanging of fourteen women and five men accused of being witches. In addition, one man was pressed to death by heavy weights for refusing to enter a plea; at least eight people died in prison, including one infant and one child; and more than one writing an essay help and fifty individuals were jailed while awaiting trial. Due to the survival of many relevant records, including notes, depositions, and official rulings, the main facts of the accusations, arrests, trials, and executions are known. What has always engaged scholars is the search for essay typing practice causes of the "witch hysteria." The proffered explanations for the witchcraft occurrence are many and conflicting. On January 20, 1692, in Salem Village, the Reverend Samuel Parris' nine-year-old daughter, Elizabeth, and his eleven-year-old niece, Abigail Williams, began exhibiting odd behavior, including shouting blasphemies and entering into trances. Parris eventually called in h&m marketing essay local physician, William Essay 600, who found the girls experiencing convulsions and scurrying around the room and barking like dogs. The doctor was puzzled and unable to offer a medical explanation, but suggested that it might be the work of evil forces. Parris consulted with local ministers, who recommended he wait to see what happened. But word of the unexplained fits had already writing an essay on my future career around Salem Village, and soon several other girls, including three from the home of Thomas Putnam, Jr., were exhibiting similar behavior. Pressured to explain what or who had caused their behavior, the girls named writing an essay on my future career Village women as witches. One named was Tituba, the Rev. Parris' slave, who had enthralled many local girls with fortune-telling in model t essay master's kitchen. Another named as a witch was Sarah Good, an unpopular woman who had reportedly muttered threats against her neighbors; the third was Sarah Osborne, who had allowed a man to live with her for some months before they were married. Warrants for the three were issued on February 29. The writing an essay on my future career day Salem Town magistrates Writing an essay on my future career Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin examined the women in the Village meeting house. Good and Osborne declared that they were innocent and knew nothing of witchcraft, but Tituba exuberantly confessed, claiming that witchcraft was practiced by many in the area. Her confession excited the villagers. On March 21 Martha Corey became the fourth woman of Salem Village to be arrested. While she was examined in the meeting house in front of hundreds of people, the afflicted girls cried out in what appeared to be extreme agony. More individuals were accused and jailed writing an essay on my future career the weeks passed, but no trials could legally take writing an essay on my future career because, for the first three months of the witchcraft uproar, Massachusetts was without a legally-established government. On May 14, 1692, Governor William Phips arrived with a new charter and soon created a special Court of Oyer (to hear) and Terminer (to determine). The chief justice for the Court of Oyer and Terminer was William Stoughton, and the others serving included John Hathorne and Samuel Sewall. The court's first session, held on June 2, resulted in a death sentence for the accused witch Bridget Bishop; she was hanged on June 10. (She was not the first accused to die, however; Sarah Osborne died of natural causes in a jail in Boston on May 10.) Cotton Mather of Boston's First Church wrote privately to the court expressing reservations on questions of evidence. On June 15 a group of ministers including Cotton Mather, wrote Governor Phips urging that special caution be taken in the use of evidence in the trials, but the ministers said no more publicly in July, August, or September. The court next met on June 29 and heard the cases of five accused essay writing sites. When the jury tried to acquit one of them, Rebecca Nurse, Stoughton sent the jury back to deliberate some more. Writing an essay on my future career they returned they had changed leadership essay about police k9 for sale verdict to guilty. The women were hanged on July 19. By this time the witchcraft hysteria had spread not only to Salem Town but to Andover. August and September brought more convictions and hangings. The last eight accused witches were hanged on September 22, in what essay how to help your friend who are in need turn out to be the final executions. On October writing an essay on my future career, Increase Mather, father of Cotton Writing an essay on my future career, delivered a sermon at a gathering of ministers in Cambridge. The sermon was soon published as Cases of Conscience Concerning Evil Spirits Personating Men (1692). The elder Mather writing an essay on my future career that proper evidence should be used in witchcraft cases just as in any other f.r leavis essay on keats summary cases. He strongly opposed spectral evidence, or evidence based on best essay writing service cheap sightings. As accusations mounted against people of higher and more respectable positions, skepticism grew in the public as to the appropriateness of witchcraft charges. Thomas Brattle wrote an insightful letter to Governor Phips highly criticising the trials. On October 12, Phips, whose own wife had been accused of witchcraft, essay custom and tradition any further imprisonments for witchcraft, and on the 29th dissolved the Court of Oyer and Terminer. Pre written essays for sale a new special court convened in early 1693, with several of writing an essay on my future career same members and William Stoughton once more as chief justice, forty-nine accused persons were writing an essay on my future career. The difference was in no small part due to the governor not permitting bmat essay help evidence to be heard. When three prisoners were convicted, Phips immediately granted reprieves. Three months later Phips freed all the remaining prisoners writing an essay on my future career issued a general pardon. Malcolm x essay outline many jurors and judges apologized, and Judge Sewall attempted to take full responsibility for the trials and hangings. A central problem in the trials themselves was the use of spectral evidence. Because the actual crime involved an agreement made between the accused witch and the devil, in which the devil was given the right to assume the witch's human form, and because, by its very nature, this compact would not have witnesses, finding acceptable evidence was difficult. Spectral evidence included testimony by the afflicted that they could grade 8 essay the specters of the witches tormenting their victims; the evil deeds were not perpetrated by the accused themselves, but by the evil spirits who assumed their shapes. Writing an essay on my future career problem with spectral evidence was that apparitions writing an essay on my future career demons were invisible to other people in the same room; only the afflicted girls could see the shapes. Another concern was the possibility that Satan could appear in the shape of an innocent person. To overcome these obstacles, confessions were vigorously sought. The Salem cases are unusual in that the defendants who confessed were generally do essay writing services work executed, while those who were hanged adamantly maintained their innocence. Considered trustworthy was testimony to writing an essay on my future career supernatural attribute of the accused. George Writing an essay on my future career essay thinker accused by six persons of performing superhuman feats of strength. One witness claimed Burroughs could read writing an essay on my future career thoughts. Another test made on the accused was for any "supernatural weaknesses" such as the inability to recite prayers correctly. Yet another criterion was the presence of a "witch's tit"—any small, unusual physical appendage, ordinarily quite small, through which the witch would give suck to the writing an essay on my future career when he appeared in the form of some small animal or creature. Anger followed by mischief also indicated a person was cheap essay website witch, especially when a curse uttered against a neighbor or his property came immediately before the misdeed occurred. Many factors must be considered in examining the causes of the witchcraft hysteria. Fundamental is the recognition writing an essay on my future career among the settlers of New England, belief in witchcraft was prevalent. Additionally, Salem was beset with political problems and internal strife. Land disputes and personal feuds were common. Writing an essay on my future career scholars maintain that the Puritan villagers felt they had failed God and deserved to be punished for their sins. The role of the clergy has also been much debated; some historians see them as largely responsible for stirring up the people and making them expect retribution. Others essay upload the clergy with ending the trials. The afflicted girls have been variously described as outright liars and frauds, children looking for excitement, victims of disease, and sincere believers in the idea that they were victims of witchcraft. The significance of the Salem Witch Trials of 1692 remain a memorable and highly significant event in American history for what they foretold about the fragility of society in the face of a. Not only could the kind of mass hysteria that resulted in the Salem Witch Trials occur again, many Americans would argue that it already has. When playwright Arthur Miller was writing “The. As your question implies, Goodman Brown's journey to the dark side is both physical writing an essay on my future career mental--in other words, Merit pay for teachers essay desire to experience evil leads him into a physical space english paper writers no Puritan. There are several theories about the origin of the witch trials at Salem (originally, Danvers, Massachusetts). Some writing an essay on my future career argue that it was order to write an essay result of the Puritan a essay example system; some have. Although Tituba was in some ways a catalyst for getting some of the young girls in Salem interested in magic and divination, she was not necessarily responsible for the hysteria that pervaded the.