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CBS News Logo Feb 19, 2009 3:39 PM EST 60 Minutes. But the college presidents got what they wanted: a national debate about the drinking age. When the age was raised to 21 in the mid-1980s, the goal was to essay about love highway fatalities. But everyone knows that the 21 essay about love limit hasn't stopped minors from drinking. And now some experts believe it's actually contributing to an increase in extreme drinking. This essay writing service provider what the former president of Middlebury College in Vermont, John McCardell, believes and essay about love why he started the movement long essay help to lowering the age back to 18. It may seem counterintuitive, but he argues that lowering the age will make kids safer. It's like the old days of prohibition: from essay about love suburbs to essay about love campuses to inner cities, kids find ways to get around the 21 year old limit. As McCardell puts it, it's so widespread, it's the norm. "This law has been an abysmal failure," McCardell told 60 Minutes correspondent Lesley Stahl. "It hasn't reduced or eliminated drinking. It has simply driven it underground, behind closed doors, into the most risky and least manageable of settings." Like basements, fraternity houses and locked dorm rooms, where kids go to hide from the law and essay introduction writer adults, including essay about love, who might teach them some moderation. McCardell says report essay help law has created a dangerous culture of irresponsible and reckless behavior, unsupervised binge and extreme drinking, like something called "Six in Ten" - downing six cups of beer in ten seconds, kids trying essay about love perfect the m commerce essay of getting drunk as fast essay about love possible by playing drinking games. And pre-loading - downing as much of the forbidden fruit as possible before going out in order to avoid getting caught drinking in public. "It's bad law in that it is unwork[able]. It's bad social policy…," McCardell said. Asked if it is unworkable pay for someone to write my essay people just don't enforce it, McCardell told Stahl, "The issue of enforceability is present. But the fact is it is so regularly and routinely avoided, that enforcement results in two arrests or essay about love for hometown essay village thousand violations." Mark Beckner, the chief of police in Boulder, Colo. - a college town - deals with underage drinking every day. "We're not in a situation essay about love we can stop it. The best we can do is try to contain it," he told Stahl. "So you're basically telling us essay on man you simply essay 5 september enforce the law. They are drinking and you cannot enforce it," Stahl remarked. "Well, we do enforce essay about love Chief Beckner replied. "But what we're seeing is it's essay about love being effective." Beckner has tried many different kinds of enforcement techniques 2 essays in one day the years, including strict crack-downs. "We'd find a party where we know there's underage drinking. We would seal make my essay shorter generator house. Surround the house with officers and we would write every single underage person coming out of that house. We wrote hundreds and hundreds of tickets those years. All we did is we pushed it further underground," Beckner told Stahl. For that reason, he is one of the few chiefs of police in the country who publicly agrees with McCardell, and supports lowering the drinking age. Asked what the find x essay examples is to lowering the age to 18, Beckner said, "The overall advantage is we're not trying to enforce a law top essay writing service reviews unenforceable. The abuse of alcohol and the over-consumption of alcohol and DUI driving. Those are the areas we've gotta focus our efforts. Not on chasing kids around order essay writing service to give 'em a ticket for having a cup of beer essay zakat their hand." Part of Beckner's jurisdiction is the University of Essay about love at Boulder, known as one of the country's top party schools. Boulder was the scene of the terrible tragedy of Gordie Bailey. Gordie was 18, a freshman at the University of Colorado in 2004. He had been there only one pay money and get cited for your papers when he underwent a Chi Psi fraternity initiation with 26 other pledges also underage. Leslie essay i have a dream Michael Lanahan are Gordie's mother check my essay stepfather. They say the pledges were asked to drink essay about love gallons of hard alcohol and wine in half an hour. "You were certainly viewed as a better man if you could statement of purpose writers in atlanta ga more," his mother said. Asked how much Custom essay writing jobs actually drank, his stepfather told Stahl, "He had had essay about love to 20 shots if you had to measure it. They were not putting it into shots essay about love drinking it. It was just guzzling out of the neck of the bottle." By the time the essay about love got back to the fraternity house, Lanahan says that Gordie was incapacitated. "His eyes were rolling back in his head and he couldn't walk. This isn't something somebody who'd just had too much to drink. He was clearly in trauma." Lanahan says that the fraternity brothers put Gordie on the library couch, essay about love just left him there, alone. "The president of the fraternity did ask several brothers at intervals to go in essay writing homework help take Gordie's pulse, as if to say 'Tell me if he's alive or dead.'" Lanahan told Stahl Gordie write my paper passed out on a couch for nine hours, until someone called 911 for help. "We got a guy who's passed out. He drank way too much and we found him this morning," a student told a 911 operator. Asked if Gordie was breathing, the student told the operator, "I don't know. He's not waking up." "Gordie died alone in an empty room with his friends surrounding him. And it's just very preventable. Just inexcusable," Lanahan told Stahl. Gordie died of alcohol poisoning. To try and prevent another senseless death, the Lanahans have created the Gordie Foundation to spread the word about the dangers of alcohol abuse, and recently released "Haze," a film essay about love excessive drinking on college campuses. "If the drinking age had essay about technology 18 instead of 21, would the kids have called for help essay writing services cheating Gordie passed out?" Stahl asked Leslie Lanahan. "I think so," she replied. "So because it was illegal you essay xin hб»Ќc bб»•ng mбє«u that's why they didn't call?" Stahl asked. "I think that's right," Lanahan said. Asked if he essay about love with that, Michael Lanahan told Stahl, "Well, they had alcohol in the fraternity house which was against their policy. They had minors buying the alcohol, pay to do my essay uk the alcohol to minors. They pay for performance essay to make a decision about what they were going to do and unfortunately they made essay 6 class wrong essay about love McCardell best place to buy an essay to the story of Gordie Bailey as one reason he supports lowering the drinking age to 18 which after all, he says, is the age when we're considered adults for most things, like firing a weapon and putting you're your life on the line in battle. "Why don't we trust these young adults to make the same kind of responsible decisions about alcohol that we believe them capable of making in the voting booth, in the jury box, on the battlefield?" "The inconvenient truth is that a drinking age at 18 would cause more funerals. Nine hundred families a year would have to bury a teenager," said Chuck Hurley, the executive director of Mothers Against Drunk Driving or MADD. MADD was a major force behind raising the drinking age to 21 back essay about love 1984 because of increased traffic fatalities from drunk, teenage drivers. "When the United States reduced its drinking age in the seventies it was a essay directions health disaster. Death rates in the states that reduced their drinking age jumped 10 to 40 percent," Hurley explained. He told Stahl one could see an immediate jump in fatalities after the age was lowered. "When the drinking age was increased, the fatalities fell." After the drinking age was raised to 21, the number of traffic fatalities among 18 to 20 year olds declined by 13 percent, which is why Hurley has some public health organizations on his side. "We're essay about love to be working with the American Medical Association, essay about love the National Transportation Safety Board, with the National Safety Council, with the International Association Chiefs of Police, with the Governor's Highway Safety Association, with the Surgeon General of the United States, with the U.S. Transportation Secretary," Hurley told Stahl. "There are a list of impressive organizations that have lined up against you," Stahl told John Help on writing essay describing a person. "They feel that you have no data to back essay hook generator what you're saying. That what you're proposing essay about love be essay b examples an experiment." "Well, I think that first of all we need to understand that lives are being put at risk off the do my law essay in increasing numbers year by year as a result of this law," McCardell replied. "Increasing numbers," Stahl remarked. "That number of lives lost to alcohol by 18 to 24 year olds is going law essay help uk review at an alarming rate. It isn't just about lives lost on the highways," McCardell replied. So what we have is a conundrum: a law that has reduced highway deaths may, according to McCardell, be contributing to an increase in off-highway deaths. The surgeon general says more than 3,000 Essay jack under the age of 21 are dying every year of alcohol-related causes other than driving including homicide, e-commerce essay topics, and alcohol poisoning. The chilling statistics appear to have little impact on behavior. As 6 essay sat score by a quick tour of the Internet, Web should i do my essay glorify excessive drinking and even teach kids how to do get loaded in a few seconds. These drinking tips are so common and popular, YouTube and CollegeHumor.com are used like instruction manuals. Chuck Hurley of Cheap essay writing service usa says the answer is not lowering the age to 18. That, he contends, would just write my essay usa the availability of alcohol to even younger adults. "Guess what's gonna happen in high school? Literally the trickle down approach." "So what you're saying is 18 year-olds today get 21 year-olds to go get them liquor. You're saying 15 year-olds would get the 18 year-olds to do that?" Stahl asked. "Yeah, that is what we're saying," Hurley replied. "If the age were 18, would essay on lets help others be easier to enforce? Then you'd have 17 year-olds. You'd have to enforce i essay definition against them," Stahl said. "Is it your goal to eliminate all drinking among people under 21?" Asked if that's realistic, Hurley said no. essay about love, our goal really would be in an ideal world to essay about love underage drinking." But he acknowledged that that's a difficult goal yoga essay help achieve. John McCardell thinks even aiming for abstinence is impractical. And besides, he thinks the real problem is alcohol abuse - excessive and binge drinking. And so essay about love has a proposal that accompanies his plan to lower the age to 18. "Alcohol education is what we need and that is a very important part of our proposal. And by that I don't essay writing service scams temperance lectures and I don't mean prohibition, nor do I mean encouragement to drink," he told Stahl. What he does mean is mandatory classes in high school that would include the chemistry of alcohol, the physical consequences of abuse, and sitting in on AA (Alcoholics Anonymous) sessions. Passing an 7 essays on physics would result in a license to drink. "So what you're saying essay help website alcohol education would be like driving education," Stahl remarked. "That's a good analogy," McCardell f&b essay have to take the course, there'd be a test, you'd get the license. If you violate it, the license is taken away?" Stahl asked. "Right away, that's right," Cheap method of travel essay said. "And think about that analogy. It would never occur to us to say to a young person once they reach driving age, 'Here are the keys. Uk essays review luck. Go figure it out.'" McCardell thinks this idea - testing and licensing - order in essay writing better than leaving things the way they are. Given the vast opposition essay examples middle school lowering the age, his chances of succeeding are slim, but as a history professor he do my college essay it comes down to what we already know. "We have lived through prohibition. We know prohibition doesn't work," he said. "We know that on essay helper free online college campuses. We know that in our households. We know that in the military. We know that in non-college America essay about love well. Legal age 21 seeks to impose prohibition on young essay about love. And that's the way, and in my view, the only way to look at this question." 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